Imagining Black Sky Hazards

Extreme Pandemics

COVID-19's historic and continuing, tragic cost in lives, health and societal well-being represents the first near-Black Sky-class pandemic event in modern times. The unprecedented, global disruption highlighted the potential for a more severe pandemic that could become a global complex catastrophe, with large scale infrastructure disruption...

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Hurricanes and Other Severe Weather Events

Edison Electric Institute’s report, “Before and After the Storm,” documents the nationwide array of investments and emerging best practices that investor-owned utilities are making in response to lessons learned from Superstorm Sandy...

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GMD – Geomagnetic Disturbance

Many times each year, the sun ejects a portion of its coronal mass into space. If this highly- energetic, electrically and magnetically charged matter (Coronal Mass Ejection (CME)) encounters the Earth it distorts the Earth’s geomagnetic field.

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