Black Sky Hazards

A Black Sky Hazard is a catastrophic event that severely disrupts
the normal functioning of our critical infrastructures in multiple regions, for long durations.

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Manmade Hazards

EMP – High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse

A nuclear detonation in the upper atmosphere creates an electromagnetic pulse (EMP), a powerful, damaging electromagnetic field covering a subcontinent-scale region...


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IEMI – Intentional Electromagnetic Interference

An IEMI device creates an electromagnetic pulse, potentially far higher in magnitude than EMP, though over very short ranges. Use of such devices on multiple, critical elements of critical infrastructures could create Black Sky Hazard level impacts.


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Cyber Terrorism

While utilities and government agencies have made progress in strengthening security against cyber threats, the destructiveness and sophistication of cyber weapons are growing. A successful, severe cyber-attack could cause serious damage to critical infrastructures, on national scales.


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Coordinated Physical Assault

Coordinated physical attacks on key elements of power grids or other critical infrastructures could cause power outages of exceptionally wide geographic scope and long durations.


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Natural Hazards

Seismic Event – High Magnitude Earthquake

In many regions of the United States and other nations, serious earthquakes in large regional seismic zones could cause power outages far larger and of longer duration than those experienced in previous events.


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GMD – Geomagnetic Disturbance

Typically many times each year, the sun ejects a portion of its coronal mass into space. If this highly- energetic, electrically and magnetically charged matter (Coronal Mass Ejection (CME)) encounters the Earth it distorts the Earth’s geomagnetic field.


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Hurricanes and Other Severe Weather Events

Edison Electric Institute’s report, “Before and After the Storm,” documents the nationwide array of investments and emerging best practices that investor-owned utilities are making in response to lessons learned from Superstorm Sandy.


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Extreme Pandemic

COVID-19’s historic and continuing, tragic cost in lives, health, and societal well-being represents the first near Black Sky-class pandemic event in modern times. Had this pandemic had (or if it developed) somewhat higher morbidity, it could have become a true “Black Sky-class” – a global complex catastrophe with large-scale infrastructure disruption and the potential for […]


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Research Projects

Nearly all of the Council’s projects, initiatives and capability offerings have emerged from continuing, systems engineering-framed research, in consultation and partnership with leading infrastructure operators, government agencies and subject matter experts.

EIS Academy

Advanced all-hazard, all-scale crisis planning, response and recovery learning, for corporate and government professionals and executives.

Experienced national and international leaders and educators utilize advanced multimedia materials providing best practice, state of the art approaches addressing critical infrastructure, supply chain and governance needs in conventional or Black Sky-class catastrophes.

EPRO Handbooks

EPRO® Handbook IV. “EPRO EMP” provides a peer-reviewed compendium of best practices, cost-effective strategic options, and specific approaches for EMP protection of critical elements of bulk power systems.

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EMP Research

In partnership with  US DOD’s Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Science Advanced Research Associates (SARA), and one of the world’s largest power companies, EIS Council conducted  EMP vulnerability and protection research for power grid facilities and systems, including first-ever generating station impact research.

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